Colorectal cancer and IBD
Did you know screening for colorectal cancer is important for people with IBD?1
Chronic inflammation of the colon is linked to a slight increase in the risk of developing colorectal cancer.2
What can you do to protect yourself?
1. Get screened!
Early detection of colorectal cancer through screening means that treatment is more often successful.1 Talk to your doctor about when and how often you should be screened, and have a yearly general check-up.
2. Keep up the treatment!
Some studies suggest that medications for controlling the inflammation in the colon could also reduce the risk of developing colon cancer.1,3
The risk of developing colorectal cancer is increased in people with IBD, and is higher the more of the colon that is involved. Recent studies estimate that, although the occurrence of colon cancer in people with ulcerative colitis has decreased over the last 60 years to 1.2 in 1000 patients in any year, the risk increases the longer someone has IBD.1,4
1: Van Assche G, Dignass A, Bokemeyer B, et al. Second European evidence-based consensus on the diagnosis and management of ulcerative colitis part 3: special situations. J Crohns Colitis 2013; 7: 1–33.
2: Rubin DC, Shaker A, Levin MS. Chronic intestinal inflammation: inflammatory bowel disease and colitis-associated colon cancer. Front Immunol 2012; 3: 107.
3: Velayos FS, Terdiman JP, Walsh JM. Effect of 5-aminosalicylate use on colorectal cancer and dysplasia risk: a systematic review and metaanalysis of observational studies. Am J Gastroenterol 2005; 100: 1345–53.
4: Castaño-Milla C, Chaparro M, Gisbert JP. Systematic review with meta-analysis: the declining risk of colorectal cancer in ulcerative colitis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2014; 39: 645–59.